One of the most devastating injuries automobile accident victims can suffer is a head injury. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), motor vehicle crashes are the third leading cause of traumatic brain injury and the second leading cause of traumatic brain injury deaths. Unfortunately, even “minor” wrecks like some rear-end collisions can cause the victim to suffer brain injuries that result in life-long changes to their lives.
Common Brain Injuries Caused by Automobile Collisions
Head injuries are caused when the force of the crash pushes the victim’s head into a vehicle window, side, or frame, violently shakes the head from side to side or front to back, or causes other objects to strike the head. A brain injury can be an open or closed head injury. An open injury occurs when the force of the impact is severe enough to penetrate the tissues in the head, scalp, and skull. A closed head injury is one where the injuries are internal, and the skull is not penetrated or opened. Common head injuries people suffer in automobile crashes include:
- Concussion. This is one of the most common brain injuries and is caused when the fluid inside the head between the brain and skull moves, allowing the brain to hit the skull. Usually, the brain damage is not permanent. Symptoms include loss of consciousness, nausea, and trouble with reasoning functions.
- Intracranial hematomas. If the force of the accident is severe enough, there can be internal bleeding in the brain. When the blood has nowhere to go, it can be absorbed in the brain tissue, sometimes causing significant damage to brain function and the person’s mental and other abilities.
- Skull fractures. While some skull fractures are not severe enough to expose the brain’s soft tissue, others can cause more extensive damage that requires surgery to remove the depressed portions of skull, reattach portions of it, or repair damage when the fracture is close to the spinal column.
- Traumatic brain injury. Traumatic brain injury is caused by a bump, jolt, or bump to the head or a penetrating head injury that causes a disruption in the brain’s normal functions. While it can sometimes be a mild injury, it can cause devastating changes to the person’s emotional, mental, and reasoning abilities, his mobility, or his vision or hearing.
Brain injuries can cause permanent injuries that can change victims’ lives forever, limit their ability to work, and make it impossible for them to perform their day-to-day activities. If you suffered a brain injury in a car accident, you could be entitled to compensation for your medical bills, lost wages, and emotional trauma from the negligent driver. Call our firm at 866-299-0558 to schedule a free case evaluation with our experienced legal team.